Motoring Test ~ MECHTECH GURU

Motoring Test

Motoring Test

-In the motoring test, the engine is first run up to the desired speed by its own power and allowed to remain at the given speed and load conditions for some time so that oil, water, and engine component temperatures reach stable conditions.

-The power of the engine during this period is absorbed by a swinging field type electric dynamometer, which is most suitable for this test.

-The fuel supply is then cut-off and by suitable electric-switching devices the dynamometer is converted to run as a motor to drive for „motor‟ the engine at the same speed at which it was previously running.

-The power supply to the motor is measured which is a measure of the fhp of the engine. During the motoring test the water supply is also cut-off so that the actual operating temperatures are maintained.

-This method, though determines the fp at temperature conditions very near to the actual operating temperatures at the test speed and load, does, not give the true losses occurring under firing conditions due to the following reasons.

(i) The temperatures in the motored engine are different from those in a firing engine because even if water circulation is stopped the incoming air cools the cylinder. This reduces the lubricating oil temperature and increases friction increasing the oil viscosity. This problem is much more severing in air-cooled engines.

(ii) The pressure on the bearings and piston rings is lower than the firing pressure. Load on main and connecting road bearings are lower.

(iii) The clearance between piston and cylinder wall is more (due to cooling). This reduces the piston friction.

(iv) The air is drawn at a temperature less than when the engine is firing because it does not get heat from the cylinder (rather loses heat to the cylinder). This makes the expansion line to be lower than the compression line on the p-v diagram. This loss is however counted in the indicator diagram.

(v) During exhaust the back pressure is more because under motoring conditions sufficient pressure difference is not available to impart gases the kinetic energy is necessary to expel them from exhaust.

Motoring method, however, gives reasonably good results and is very suitable for finding the losses due to various engine components. This insight into the losses caused by various components and other parameters is obtained by progressive stripping-off of the under progressive dismantling conditions keeping water and oil circulation intact. Then the cylinder head can be removed to evaluate, by difference, the compression loss. In this manner piston ring, piston etc. can be removed and evaluated for their effect on overall friction.

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